The Deformation of Plastics with Hard, Spherical Indentors
The response of plastics to stress when deformed by contact with hard objects under load is important in such diverse applications as bearings, guides, and phonograph records. A study of the permanent deformation of Plexiglas by spherical indentors under a wide range of load, indentor diameter, and time of loading has shown that a single relationship can be used to relate these and other variables. Preliminary sliding experiments at extremely low speeds (ca. 10/-5 cm/sec) indicate that the relationship derived for static indentations can be used to predict the permanent deformation to be expected in sliding under conditions of diverse loads and speeds. A particularly valuable application is that of predicting the deformation properties of proposed phonograph record systems by comparison with the known properties of existing systems.
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