Perceptual Effects of Dynamic Range Compression in Popular Music Recordings - January 2014
Accurate Calculation of Radiation and Diffraction from Loudspeaker Enclosures at Low Frequency - June 2013
New Measurement Techniques for Portable Listening Devices: Technical Report - October 2013
A Comparison of Computational Methods for Instantaneous Frequency and Group Delay of Discrete-Time Signals
A unified treatment of various computational methods for estimating the instantaneous frequency and the group delay of discrete-time signals is given. Direct, phase-based methods are compared with the newer moment methods. Instantaneous frequency and group delay are related to certain moments of the signal or its Fourier transform, and they also are first-order moments of the Wigner-Ville distribution of the signal. Because instantaneous frequency and group delay are mathematical duals of one another, an algorithm suitable for estimating one can be used, with a simple interchange of time and frequency variables, to estimate the other. The performance of these several different methods is assessed by applying them to a wide variety of representative test signals such as, for example, chirps, tone bursts, as well as more complicated signals, such as linear phase bandpass, minimum-phase low-pass, and all-pass filter responses. In general the moment methods are superior to the phase-based methods because they avoid phase unwrapping errors and approximate digital differentiations. Instantaneous frequency and group delay time can be useful in identifying the moment-to-moment frequency content of an evolving signal and the arrival time of frequency components of the signal's spectrum, respectively.
Click to purchase paper or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!
This paper costs $20 for non-members, $5 for AES members and is free for E-Library subscribers.