to meeting recaps
to AES Chicago home
Meeting Recap - January 29, 2014
Chicago Section Meeting Recap
Meeting Date: January 29, 2014
Written By: Ken Platz
The Psychoacoustics of Phase
by: Jon Boley
The January 29, 2014, meeting of the Chicago AES Section was held at Shure Incorporated, located in Niles, Illinois. Twenty seven members and sixteen non-members attended the meeting which included Jon Boley’s presentation entitled, ‘The Psychoacoustics of Phase’.
This year our section has been able to make A/V recordings of our meetings and presentations - see below
Additionally, Jon provided a link to view his slides:
Jon Boley began his presentation by describing the fundamentals of phase. He offered the visual of a single point on a rotating wheel and observing the path it takes through a full rotation. In this manner he described the attributes of amplitude and frequency. Phase-shifts could be referenced as moving forwards or backwards in time and interference could be considered either constructive or destructive.
Jon described a few typical applications: comb filter (delay a signal relative to itself); general digital filter (a general FIR filter includes lots of phase shifts or ANC, Active Noise Cancellation, provides a result when ‘anti-noise’ is added to noise); phase delay (identifying the phase at each frequency) versus group delay (identifying the negative derivative of the phase or the ‘slope’); and wave form delay (phase delay which delays the individual signal or group delay that delays the ‘envelope’ of the output signal).
After describing the fundamentals, Jon walked us through the ‘pyschoacoustics of phase’ – which was why, I think, many of us bought our tickets…now on to the ‘good stuff’. He referenced critical bands, AM (amplitude modulation) and FM (frequency modulation), and said that generally, within a critical band, it is easier to detect AM. In order to sense phase differences, one needs to be within a rather narrow frequency band. Phase changes manifest themselves as either a ‘modulated envelope’ or a ‘modulated frequency’. He offered and described several examples and scenarios such as: pitch, binaural pitch, loudness perception, masking, localization, speech, and neural phase detectors.
Jon concluded his presentation by offering three summary points: phase can be very important; phase itself can be audible; and phase information may be an important contributor to the ‘cocktail party’ effect.
The Chicago AES Section would like to extend a special thanks to Jon Boley for presenting to our section and joining several attendees for further conversation after the meeting at the restaurant next door to experience the ‘cocktail party’ effect in real time.
THIS MONTH’S SPEAKER:Jon Boley, PhD, has just over a decade of experience working as an engineer & psychoacoustician. He started out mixing front-of-house in high school &
college, worked for a short time as a radio DJ (WNIU/WNIJ), then moved into digital signal processing... with a little studio recording/mixing on the
side. He has a BS in Electrical Engineering (Univ. of Illinois), an MS in Music Engineering (Univ. of Miami), and a PhD in Biomedical Engineering
(Purdue Univ.). Jon started his career as a DSP engineer, working at Motorola and Shure Incorporated, before switching his focus to
psychoacoustics & neuroscience. He also had the opportunity to consult for a wide variety of audio businesses while working on his dissertation
(neural coding of cochlear phase information). Jon is now a research scientist at GN ReSound (aka Beltone) where he designs psychoacoustic
experiments to push the limits of tiny audio systems (hearing aids). He has served as a past treasurer for the Chicago AES section, served on both
AES and MPEG technical committees, and regularly reviews articles for a variety of scientific journals & conferences. Jon enjoys studying human
perception, so he also spends his weekends judging beer-making competitions.