|Spatial Distribution of Distortion and Spectrally Shaped Quantization Noise in Digital Micro-Array Loudspeakers (PDF-3.9MB) (HI-RES PDF-24.0MB)
|Digital loudspeakers are far more complex than a conventional digital-to-analog converter because quantization noise must be considered in a three-dimensional space. Minimizing off-axis degradations make digital loudspeakers a complex problem. An exploratory investigation of a large-scale array composed of subgroups of micro clusters illustrates the utility of including a matrix of oversampling and noise-shaping processing. Of the many possible topologies, an array with circularly and symmetrically distributed elements offers key advantages, especially when combined with spatial randomization.
|ISO/IEC MPEG-4 High-Definition Scalable Advanced Audio Coding (PDF-941KB) (HI-RES PDF-11.4MB)
|Ralf Geiger, Rongshan Yu, Jürgen Herre, Susanto Rahardja, Sang-Wook Kim, Xiao Lin, and Markus Schmidt
|The MPEG Audio standardization group has recently concluded its work for lossless and near lossless coding of audio signals with a scalable extension to the well-known MPEG-4 AAC perceptual coder. This work provides a basis for high-definition applications in recording studios, broadcasting, archiving, and Internet scenarios. An overview of this technology explains the general concepts, the extensions to existing standards, and the relationship between compression performance and processing complexity. By adding near lossless compression, the encoding techniques function within the constraints of a fixed-channel capacity.
|Optimal Design of Loudspeaker Systems Based on Sequential Quadratic Programming (SQP) (PDF-533KB) (HI-RES PDF-6.3MB)
|Mingsian R. Bai and Rong-Liang Chen
|Miniature loudspeakers used in portable consumer electronic equipment produce inadequate output levels with acceptable amounts of nonlinear distortion. Because of the large number of design parameters, a systematic procedure is proposed to identify the optimal parameters in such loudspeakers. While there is extensive research on selecting the mechanical and electrical properties for larger loudspeakers, miniature dynamic moving-coil transducers require a unique strategy. Using the proposed optimization strategy, a simulated and empirical investigation showed superior performance compared to the conventional approach.
|An Analytical Model of a Piezoelectric Unimorph Transducer with an Aluminum Cone (PDF-395KB) (HI-RES PDF-6.7MB)
|Jinqiu Sang and Xiaojun Qiu
|An analytical model of an ultrasonic piezoelectric flexural transducer composed of a unimorph and aluminum cone has been simulated and experimentally evaluated. Because a unimorph transducer is based on a single piezoelectric layer and a single metallic layer, it is a simple and economic means for creating an ultrasonic transducer. A cone is then attached to serve as an acoustic amplifier and impedance transformer. Using a model based on energy analysis, the authors provide empirical results that are mostly consistent with the predicted response. However, modest discrepancies suggest the need to enhance the model with finite-element methods.
|STANDARDS AND INFORMATION DOCUMENTS
|AES Standards Committee News (PDF-109KB)
|AES3 digital interface; jitter measurements; MPEG Surround; constant-current line drive (CCLD) transducers; interface for digital loudspeakers; audio over IEEE 1394 high-performance serial bus; forensic audio
|29th Conference Report, Seoul, Korea (PDF-8.6MB)
|Can You Really Hear It? Psychoacoustics in Action (PDF-1.1MB) (HI-RES PDF-7.0MB)
|13th Regional Convention, Tokyo, Call for Papers (PDF-82KB)
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