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A Multiple Listener Crosstalk Cancellation System Using Loudspeaker Dependent Regularization

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Binaural audio requires the use of crosstalk cancellation if reproduced using loudspeakers. A three-listener crosstalk cancellation system has been designed and built as part of this work. Simulations for different loudspeaker distributions are presented and a large system span is shown to increase low-frequency crosstalk cancellation performance while a denser loudspeaker distribution in front of a given listener increases mid to high-frequency crosstalk cancellation. The system’s performance under perturbation of the listeners and loudspeakers is investigated and at high frequencies loudspeakers further away from any given listener are shown to be affected more by perturbations than those nearer the listener. To this issue, a novel implementation of weighting loudspeaker source strengths using loudspeaker-dependent regularization is developed and optimized for use in this system. Hence, at high frequencies just loudspeakers close to the listener are used. This is shown to create a more robust solution than traditional crosstalk cancellation filter design when the system has undergone perturbations.

JAES Volume 69 Issue 3 pp. 191-203; March 2021
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AES - Audio Engineering Society