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Recording first-order Ambisonics with a differential array of two dual-diaphragm microphones

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First-order Ambisonics consists of four signals corresponding to one omnidirectional and three figure-of-eight polar patterns aligned with the Cartesian axes. We obtain these signals from a matched pair of dual-diaphragm microphones, where each diaphragm output is accessible individually. While the signals for figure-of-eight patterns in x- and y-direction are calculated directly from the microphone outputs, the z-direction figure-of-eight signal is calculated as di?erential signal from omnidirectional patterns of both microphones, resulting in low-frequency attenuation and a phase shift. We equalize the frequency response using a combination of a model-based IIR and a measurement-based FIR filter and provide an open-source plugin performing the processing.

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