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Nonlinear Control of Loudspeaker Based on Output Flatness and Trajectory Planning

A loudspeaker is inherently nonlinear and produces timbre alterations, roughness, harshness, lack of clarity, and modulation noise. This may impair reproduction quality and speech intelligibility. These issues increase rapidly with high levels and especially high bass levels. Industrial design and marketing constraints demand smaller speaker systems without sacrificing sound output level. This results in higher distortion. To obtain "big bass from little boxes," an anti-distortion system is needed. We present a new approach that is based on the direct control and linearization of the loudspeaker diaphragm displacement that allows the maximization of the bass output and the minimization of the nonlinearities while keeping the diaphragm displacement within the range of safe operation.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society