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A Self-Calibrating Earphone

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A self-calibrating system estimates the acoustical transfer function from sound pressures at the entrance of the ear canal to sound pressures at the eardrum: An earphone plays a broadband sound into the auditory meatus and an in-ear microphone then receives the sound at the entrance of the ear canal. Parenthetically, assessing calibration, results showed that spectral analysis of recordings of this signal is replicable to within 3 dB from 0.5 to 22 kHz for each given ear. A digital signal processing unit calculates an individualized filter from that signal. The calculated filter neutralizes the transfer function via software, which controls the digital signal processing unit’s output into the earphones whilst playing media.

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