Vector-base amplitude panning (VBAP) aims at creating virtual sound sources at arbitrary directions within 3D multichannel sound reproduction systems. However, VBAP does not consistently produce listener-specific monaural spectral cues that are essential for localization of sound sources in sagittal planes, including the front-back and up-down dimensions. In order to better understand the limitations of VBAP, a functional model approximating human processing of spectro-spatial information was applied to assess accuracy in sagittal-plane localization of virtual sources created by means of VBAP. The model predicted a strong dependence on listeners’ individual head-related transfer functions, on virtual source directions, and on loudspeaker arrangements. In general, simulations showed a systematic degradation with increasing polar-angle span between neighboring loudspeakers.
Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!
This paper costs $33 for non-members and is free for AES members and E-Library subscribers.