Ray Dolby

AES Live: Legends

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Product Design & Manufacturing: Research & Development

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(1933 – 2013) While a college student, Ray Dolby played a key role in the design of the first successful professional video tape recorder at Ampex Corporation, introduced in 1956. After obtaining degrees at Stanford and Cambridge universities, plus a two-year appointment as a United Nations advisor in India, he returned to England in 1965 and established Dolby Laboratories to develop and manufacture professional audio tape noise reduction products, and later began the licensing of his noise reduction system for use in consumer products. In 1976 he moved his key staff to San Francisco, where his company set up a new home office, laboratories, and a manufacturing facility. He held more than 50 US patents on videotape recording, long wavelength X-ray analysis, and audio tape noise reduction. Dr. Dolby was a Fellow and past President of the AES, and a recipient of its Silver and Gold Medal Awards. Along with many national and international awards and honors, he was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame and the Consumer Electronics Hall of Fame in 2004. After more than four decades as a leader and steward of innovation and excellence, Dr. Dolby became his company’s Founder and Director Emeritus in December 2010 before dying in 2013. Interviewed by John Eargle. Edited by Harry Hirsch.

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