AES New York 2011
Product Design Session PD10

Sunday, October 23, 11:00 am — 1:00 pm (Room: 1E12)

PD10 - An Overview of Audio System Grounding and Interfacing

Bill Whitlock, Jensen Transformers

Equipment makers like to pretend the problems don’t exist, but this tutorial replaces hype and myth with insight and knowledge, revealing the true causes of system noise and ground loops. Unbalanced interfaces are exquisitely vulnerable to noise due to an intrinsic problem. Although balanced interfaces are theoretically noise-free, they’re widely misunderstood by equipment designers, which often results in inadequate noise rejection in real-world systems. Because of a widespread design error, some equipment has a built-in noise problem. Simple, no-test-equipment, troubleshooting methods can pinpoint the location and cause of system noise. Ground isolators in the signal path solve the fundamental noise coupling problems. Also discussed are unbalanced to balanced connections, RF interference, and power line treatments. Some widely used “cures” are both illegal and deadly.

Information Last Updated: 20111005, mei

Return to Product Design Sessions