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Multichannel Microphone Array Design

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The design of a microphone array for multichannel sound recording involves the manipulation of many interrelated parameters: segment coverage, electronic time and intensity offset, and microphone position offset. This paper discusses the options available to the sound engineer in the choice of segment coverage by the front triplet and back pair and describes how critical linking can be obtained in relation to the lateral segments. A basic design procedure is illustrated, which enables the sound recording engineer to design the microphone array needed for a specific reproduction configuration.:

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AES - Audio Engineering Society