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Understanding the Transfer Functions of Directional Condenser Microphones in Response to Different Sound Sources

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This paper will provide analytical insight into how -proximity effect- arises in general condenser directional microphones (i.e., combination pressure/pressure-gradient). Characteristics will be demonstrated through the presentation of simple model transfer functions in order to gain insight and quantify frequency and directional response behavior as a function of simple excitation sources. The three-dimensional nature of directional microphones will be illustrated.

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