The "Wiener Archivphonograph"
The paper deals with the world's first archival audio format developed in 1899 at the Phonogrammarchiv of the Imperial Academy of Sciences in Vienna. This format was in use untll 1931 and yielded more than 3000 unique recordings of mainly ethnolinguistic and ethnomusicological recordings from all over the world. The influence of the different recording techniques (Edison-Phonograph, Berliner-Gramophon) on that format with respect to perfect and "eternal" replication will be explained. Suitability for field recording and overall performance as compared to commercial products of that time will also be discussed. The paper will be accompanied with images and sound samples.
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