Flat-panel electromechanical film (EMF) loudspeakers operate on an electrostatic principle. In EMF loudspeakers, the electromechanical film vibrates inside the porous plates in the electric field producing sound. The size of the loudspeaker panel is 500 mm x 600 mm. Nine panels are joined together with a 3 x 3 configuration to form a large, flat surface. Each panel is driven with an individual signal. The behavior of the system has been studied using modeling, measurements, and listening tests.
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