Experimental evidence is presented for the existence of perceptual families of instruments. This evidence is the result of confusions in identifying the instruments that produced tones when these tones were played back at speeds higher than that at which they were recorded. The string family consists of violins, violas, cellos, and double basses. The brass family consists of trumpets, trombones, tubas, and French horns. The double reed family consists of oboes, English horns, and bassoons, with the bassoons only very weakly linked to the other members of its family. The families are listed in order of decreasing tightness. Very tight subfamilies are formed of the following pairs; violin-viola, cello-double bass, oboe-English horn, trumpet-trombone.
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