Perceptual Effects of Dynamic Range Compression in Popular Music Recordings - January 2014
Accurate Calculation of Radiation and Diffraction from Loudspeaker Enclosures at Low Frequency - June 2013
New Measurement Techniques for Portable Listening Devices: Technical Report - October 2013
Anchor Effect in an Optimum Timbre Adjustment
The quest for satisfaction with reproduced sound frequently involves real-time adjustments to the sound spectrum. Such adjustments are made in a variety of professional activities such as sound recording, acoustic design, and hearing-aid selection as well as in everyday listening situations. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the initial sound spectrum on the "optimum" sound spectrum adjusted by the listener. A single musical signal with different spectral envelopes was used. The listeners' task was to modify each sound spectrum to the form that maximized their artistic satisfaction. The optimum spectra adjusted by the listeners demonstrated that the listeners' adjustments were affected by the initial spectrum of the sound. It was hypothesized that the dependence ofthe optimum sound spectrum on the initial condition of presentation could be explained by an anchor effect of the initial sound spectrum.
Click to purchase paper or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!
This paper costs $20 for non-members, $5 for AES members and is free for E-Library subscribers.