Around the turn of the century, Berliner's phonograph record, parallel to Edison's cylinder, had established a firm footing all over the world. What had originally been a curiosity could be found in millions of homes. However, apart from the name -Berliner- and the fact that numerous firms were producing both cylinders and disks and players in large quantities in Berlin, the city took no part in the promotion of this new entertainment medium. It was only in the special utilization of the phonograph record as the sound carrier for the acoustic accompaniment of -living pictures- (as movies were called in their early beginnings), that original ideas began to emerge from the German capital.
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