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Microphone Selection and Balance Techniques for Television, Stereo, and Surround Sound

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Television stereo is quite new in the UK, but regular BBC experimental transmissions using the NICAM DIGITAL STEREO system began in 1986. Whilst much of the world's stereo program making adopts the film approach of shooting mono on location or in studio and reserving stereo for post-production, in the BBC stereo pickup is used on virtually every occasion. The author will describe the advantages of this way of working, and contrast the domestic television viewing situation with the theatrical film experience to illustrate why the difference is important. Microphone choice and balance techniques will be discussed, and the working method extended to surround sound for HDTV, where it continues to be valid.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society