Years of hands-on experience with both VU and PPM metering have led to the conclusion that neither provides the true representation of the program material. This has led to the development of a meter which addresses a relationship between average loudness and peak excursions of the composite waveform on one simple easy-to-read scale.
Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!
This paper costs $33 for non-members and is free for AES members and E-Library subscribers.