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Television Speaks to Deaf Americans

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For a significant segment of the U.S. population, an exciting new experience takes place regularly in their homes. Thanks to the advent of closed-captioned television in March 1980, citizens of all ages who suffer hearing impairments can watch many of the same prime time TV programs at the same time with the same understanding as three neighbors who enjoy normal hearing. The closed captioning (or Line 21) system is out of the testing stage and in actual use nationwide today.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society