Compact Disc (CD) mastering is a process in which digital audio and subcode information is encoded into the standard CD format and recorded on a disk surface. The information is contained in pits of discretely varying lengths arranged in a spiral.: The disk-mastering process lies between tape mastering and replication. It involves the application of thin photoresistant layers onto glass substrates, encoding and recording the audio and subcode information, and developing and testing to generate the required pit dimensions (pit geometry).: The parameters influencing the pit geometry and other quality parameters of masters are many, and the process requires a specific philosophy and discipline to be performed industrially. This philosophy and the resulting equipment, operating requirements, quality control, and test methods are described.
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