Loudness Compensation: Use and Abuse
A listening survey of conventional loudness controls led to the subjective impression that most of them overcompensate. The well-known Fletcher-Munson contours are examined as a basis for loudness compensation: more modern data are examined as well. Differential loudness contours from the most appropriate data are used to account for the fact that the ear's response is not flat at any chosen reference level. Computer-generated tables of the differential loudness contours are given along with several circuit implementations based on the new curves.
Click to purchase paper or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!
This paper costs $33 for non-members, $5 for AES members and is free for E-Library subscribers.