A listening survey of conventional loudness controls led to te subjective impression that most of them overcompensate. The well-known Fletcher-Munson contours are shown to be an improper basis for loudness compensation. Differential loudness contours, however, can be used to account for the fact that the ear's response is not flat at any chosen reference level. Also, experimental data after Fletcher-Munson is examined for applicability to loudness compensation. Computer generated tables are included along with several circuits developed to follow the new curves.
Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!
This paper costs $33 for non-members and is free for AES members and E-Library subscribers.