Perceptual Effects of Dynamic Range Compression in Popular Music Recordings - January 2014
Accurate Calculation of Radiation and Diffraction from Loudspeaker Enclosures at Low Frequency - June 2013
New Measurement Techniques for Portable Listening Devices: Technical Report - October 2013
VU Meter and Peak Program Meter—Peaceful Coexistence
Much has been written of late, too much, I fear, about the virtues and shortcomings of both the Standard Volume Indicator (vu meter for short), and the Peak Program Meter (PPM). All that aside, the world faces the reality of both instruments and needs to understand their use, meaning, and relationship to each other. There never was any problem with this as long as each country stayed with its traditional instrument. Part of the reason lies in the introduction of PPM's by U.S. manufacturers on consoles, tape machines, or the meters themselves, while several European manufacturers in traditionally PPM oriented countries, have put vu meters on their tape recorders. The result is that many studios now have a mixture of vu and PPM meters alongside one another. This paper is intended to clarify the alignment and operation of studio equipment using either or both of these meters.
Click to purchase paper or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!
This paper costs $20 for non-members, $5 for AES members and is free for E-Library subscribers.