Perceptual Effects of Dynamic Range Compression in Popular Music Recordings - January 2014
Accurate Calculation of Radiation and Diffraction from Loudspeaker Enclosures at Low Frequency - June 2013
New Measurement Techniques for Portable Listening Devices: Technical Report - October 2013
Towards a More Natural Sound System
In the concert hall the listener experiences direct sound from the stage providing directional information, and reflected sound from all directions providing hall ambience information or depth. Conventional quadrasonic systems can provide ambience signals, mainly from the read loudspeakers, while the front loudspeakers deliver direct sound. Previous studies have shown that three channels are required for the optimum stereo reproduction of a distributed source, that the listener's ability to perceive the direction of sources from the rear is reduced, and that the hall ambience signal provides little directional information. In the light of these considerations, a new configuration for the four available channels is proposed, three front channels and one rear. Comparison tests between the proposed -3 + 1- system and standard quadrasonic show marked listener preference for the new configuration, based largely on the ease and stability of sound source location. The loss of stereo information from the rear was judged insignificant.
Click to purchase paper or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!
This paper costs $20 for non-members, $5 for AES members and is free for E-Library subscribers.