Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) were recorded in participants from three groups: 1) non-band students, 2) marching band students, 3) band directors. OAE results were compared across 190 ears of non-band students, 320 of band musicians, and 128 ears of band directors. There were highly significant differences between participants in terms of OAE amplitude. The greatest OAE amplitudes were found for non-band student musicians, followed by student band musicians, and the least amplitudes were found in band directors.
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