Millions of people are estimated to be at the risk of developing early hearing loss (HL) as a result of listening to personal media players (PMPs). Legislation now mandated by the European Commission has successfully brought down the SPL from PMPs sold in Europe, but with the adverse effect that music and other content not produced like modern pop no longer can be played loudly enough to be heard under typical listening conditions. The current status is summarized, and methods to reduce false negative and false positive user-warnings are proposed. Improved sound dose estimation in PMPs may furthermore help stem the "Loudness Wars" in music, thereby also protecting music heritage.
Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!
This paper costs $33 for non-members and is free for AES members and E-Library subscribers.