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Frequency Characteristics Measurements of Cylindrical Record Player by the Pulse-Train Method

The authors have been engaged in the research of restoration of seriously damaged audio signals employing Generalized Harmonic Analysis (GHA). In this research, it is important to know frequency characteristics of sound reproducing equipments to obtain clear sound with proper tonal equalization. The authors previously measured frequency characteristics of several acoustic 78 rpm shellac-record players utilizing the Pulse-Train Method, and successively measured cylindrical record players with same method recently. Frequency characteristics of phonograph record players were measured using frequency test records conventionally, however it is impossible to obtain shellac or cylindrical test records any more. Therefore the authors employed the Pulse-Train Method, which was originally developed for the measurements of phonograph cartridges and cutter heads in 1970s. For the measurement this time, the authors first made a cylindrical record curved a silent sound groove and curved an additional groove perpendicular to the sound groove on the cylinder surface. Pulse-train response was obtained by reproducing the cylindrical record using object record players and reference electric record player. Frequency characteristics of object record players were analyzed applying DFT to measured Pulse-Train waveforms.

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