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On the Effects of Room Reverberation in 3-D DOA Estimation Using a Tetrahedral Microphone Array

This paper studies the accuracy in the estimation of the Direction-Of-Arrival (DOA) of multiple sound sources using a small microphone array. As other sparsity-based algorithms, the proposed method is able to work in underdetermined scenarios, where the number of sound sources exceeds the number of microphones. Moreover, the tetrahedral shape of the array allows to estimate DOAs in the 3-dimensional space easily, which is an advantage over other existing approaches. However, since the proposed processing is based on an anechoic signal model, the estimated DOA vectors are severely affected by room reflections. Experiments to analyze the resultant DOA distribution under different room conditions and source arrangements are discussed using both simulations and real recordings.

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