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Surround Sound Panning Technique Based on a Virtual Microphone Array

A multi-channel panning technique is presented, which aims at reproducing a plane wave with an array of loudspeakers. The loudspeaker gains are computed by solving an acoustical inverse problem. The latter involves the inversion of a matrix of transfer functions between the loudspeakers and the elements of a virtual microphone array, the center of which corresponds to the location of the listener. The radius of the virtual microphone array is varied consistently with the frequency, in such a way that the transfer function matrix is independent of the frequency. As a consequence, the inverse problem is solved for one frequency only, and the loudspeaker coefficients obtained can be implemented using simple gains.

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