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Automatic Monitor Mixing for Live Musical Performance

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During live performances musicians require a monitor mix on stage in order to hear themselves and others. The monitor mix is usually controlled by a set of monitor loudspeakers that face away from the audience. These require their own mixing, separate from the audience feed. An automated mixing algorithm can approach the results of an expert mixer for the monitor function. A model has been developed that describes the basis for this monitoring function while incorporating minimum and maximum sound intensity. The solution space is constrained by the need to avoid feedback, and this limits the degree to which the monitor mix can achieve the target requirements. However, the algorithm suggests optimal location of monitors and direct sources (such as guitar amplifiers) on stage.

JAES Volume 57 Issue 11 pp. 927-936; November 2009
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AES - Audio Engineering Society