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The Loudness Balance of Audio Broadcast Programs

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Loudness desired by listeners with program composed of speech and music. Influence of the kind of program, listening situation, age, sex, cultural level. Contradictory demands and compromises. Rules for level balancing. Measuring loudness and automatic monitoring. Influence of reverberation and of psychological effects affecting the apparent loudness. Changing parameters by automatic discrimination between speech and music.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society