Plane Wave Decomposition With Regularization Using a Single Rotating Microphone
Plane wave decomposition (PWD) is an effective method for the analysis of sound fields. The use of spherical and circular microphone arrays with PWD has been well studied. In this paper, it is shown that PWD is also possible by using the recordings from a single rotating half-cardioid microphone. The microphone output is considered as the matrix product of the rotated polar pattern of the microphone and the pressure field. It is shown that this equation can be solved for the pressure values of a virtual circular microphone array if the microphone used has a half-cardioid polar pattern. It is then possible to apply a new weighting function to the virtual microphones for PWD. Regularization is used to overcome singularities in the solution. The method has been tested both for simulated and for actual recordings.
Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!
This paper costs $33 for non-members and is temporarily free for AES members.