AES E-Library

AES E-Library

Forging Ahead with Spatial Audio Coding

Document Thumbnail

[Feature Article] Spatial audio coding is a term recently coined to describe low bit-rate audio coding that enables the transmission of multichannel spatial audio at fairly low bit rates. In a typical spatial audio coder (see Fig. 1) the audio signal is downmixed to a relatively small number of basic channels (usually one or two), and transmitted along with additional information that enables the reconstruction of the missing channels. Such “parametric” coding includes the calculation of interchannel level, time/phase, and correlation, which are the key parameters of multichannel audio signals containing information about the spatial characteristics of the overall scene. The bit rates employed can be very low compared with traditional multichannel audio codecs, with spatial side chain bit rates of between 32 and 48 kbit/s, in addition to whatever bit rate is employed for the primary channels. The primary channel is often coded using a legacy system for compatibility of the downmixed audio with existing decoders.

JAES Volume 54 Issue 12 pp. 1305-1308; December 2006
Publication Date:

Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!

This paper costs $33 for non-members and is free for AES members and E-Library subscribers.

Learn more about the AES E-Library

E-Library Location:

Start a discussion about this paper!

AES - Audio Engineering Society