Journal Forum

Synthetic Reverberator - January 1960

Sound Board: High-Resolution Audio - October 2015

Synchronized Swept-Sine: Theory, Application, and Implementation - October 2015

Access Journal Forum

AES E-Library

A New Broadcast Quality Low Bit Rate Audio Coding Scheme Utilizing Novel Bandwidth Extension Tools

Document Thumbnail

In this paper we describe the components of a novel audio coding algorithm capable of delivering high-fidelity CD-like stereo audio at the bit rates of 40-48 kbps and natural sounding FM grade mono at the bit rates of 18-22 kbps. Bandwidth Extension has emerged as an important tool for the satisfactory performance of low bit rate audio codecs. Recently we proposed two new bandwidth extension algorithms, Fractal Self-Similarity Model (FSSM) and Accurate Spectral Replacement (ASR), which belong to a new class of Bandwidth Extension techniques which are applied directly to the high resolution frequency representation of the signal (e.g., MDCT or ODFT). The proposed coding scheme uses FSSM and ASR in an adaptive and complementary framework. Another important component of the proposed codec is a wideband psychoacoustic model that makes an explicit use of the Comodulation Release of Masking (CMR) phenomenon. It also includes a novel parametric stereo coding technique. The proposed audio coding scheme is geared towards broadcast applications where codec latency and encoder complexity is generally not an overriding concern. In this paper we present algorithmic details of the new codec, audio demonstrations, and, comparison to other audio coding schemes. Further information and audio demonstrations are available at

AES Convention: Paper Number:
Publication Date:

Click to purchase paper or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!

This paper costs $20 for non-members, $5 for AES members and is free for E-Library subscribers.

Learn more about the AES E-Library

E-Library Location:

Start a discussion about this paper!

Facebook   Twitter   LinkedIn   Google+   YouTube   RSS News Feeds  
AES - Audio Engineering Society