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The History of the Tonmeister Recording Technique in Russia

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The history of the sound recording in Russia dates back to the end of the XIX-th century. The creation of first sound recording studios began in the 20-30?s. Although the technical facilities, which were used then seemed to be quite primitive, the work of such outstanding tonmeisters as Khustov M.G., Grossman A.B., Gakhlin D.G. made outstanding recording of classical music and live concerts. The main feature of the second period (1950-1980?s) is the fast development of the TV, RB and recording studios (292 large television centers and radiostudios had been built by the 1980?s). Today new digital technologies and surround sound systems are used in tonmeister practice. Such masters as Shugal S.G., Vinogradov V.V., Khondrashin P.K., Dinov V.G. and many are creating new methods of digital sound recording. The main periods of the development of tonmeisters technology in Russia are investigated in this paper.

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