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Geometrical Stiffness of Loudspeaker Cones

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The frequency response of a loudspeaker cone is affected by two main factors: Material Parameters and Geometry. While the first may be generally understood, the inherent stiffness due to the basic geometry is the subject of this study. Using Finite Element Modelling (FEM), first a flat cone disk is analysed followed by shallow and deep conical cones plus curved concave and convex cones. The results are extended to include softer and high damping cone materials. The cone break-up behaviour and frequency response is shown to be strongly dependant on the Geometrical Stiffness of the Cone, which should therefore be considered a very important design parameter.

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