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An Acoustical Measurement Method for the Derivation of Loudspeaker Parameters

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Because loudspeaker drivers are electro-mechano-acoustical transducers, their parameters may be measured from physical domains other than the electrical domain. A method has been developed by the authors to determine moving-coil loudspeaker parameters through the use of acoustical measurements. The technique utilizes a plane wave tube and the two-microphone transfer function technique to measure acoustical properties of a baffled driver under test (DUT). Quantities such as the reflection and transmission coefficients of the DUT are first measured. Driver parameters are then extracted from the measurements using curve-fitting techniques and theoretical solutions to equivalent circuits of the composite system. This paper discusses the acoustical measurement apparatus, system modeling, and a comparison of acoustically measured parameters to those measured using common electrical techniques. Parameters derived from the various methods are also compared to reference parameters to establish bias errors.

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