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Multichannel Sound Recording Practice Using Microphone Arrays

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Using the process of Multichannel Microphone Array Design (MMAD), an almost infinite number of microphone configurations can be chosen to suit the needs of a particular sound recording situation. The basic characteristics of Front, Lateral and Back Segment Coverage, together with the process of Segment Offset used to obtain Critical Linking, are part of the main MMA Design process. However many other selection criteria must be considered in order to satisfy specific operational preferences or to obtain the optimum choice of a microphone array adapted to a particular situation. This paper will present an analysis of a range of different selection criteria to assist the sound recording engineer in choosing a selection of suitable microphone array configurations for his particular requirements.

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