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Direct Concha Excitation for Introduction of Individualized Hearing Cues

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Nonindividualized head-related transfer functions (HRTFs) are known to cause significant front-back and elevation confusions when used for three-dimensional sound systems. In addition headphones tend to induce in-head localization and rear perceptual bias. A method of concha excitation is proposed as a means of introducing individual cues without the need of individual HRTF measurements, which may overcome some of these difficulties. A prototype headphone was designed and tested.

JAES Volume 48 Issue 7/8 pp. 642-653; July 2000
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AES - Audio Engineering Society